EPA has an indirect role in the use of radiation in medicine. EPA develops and issues general radiation guidance to other federal agencies.
Depending on the type of radiation and how it is used in medical procedures, different federal agencies may play a role in regulation.
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates medical devices and ensures device safety in all medical settings. FDA also regulates radiation-emitting products and procedures. See: Medical Device Safety and Radiation-Emitting Products.
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides information about medical procedures which use radiation. Please see, Radiation and Your Health.
- The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates the manufacture and use of radioactive materials in nuclear medicine, radiation therapy and research. See: Regulation of Radioactive Materials and Medical Uses of Nuclear Materials.
These agencies use EPA's radiation protection federal guidance as a reference to develop rules and regulations to protect public health.