Frequent Questions

What does the EPA do if there is a nuclear power plant accident?

The EPA prepares for, and responds to, emergencies involving radioactive materials. Depending on the location and nature of the incident, the EPA may assume primary authority for response, or it may act in a supporting role. The exact actions the EPA takes during an emergency depends on a number of factors. In any event, the EPA is equipped with numerous resources – both personnel and equipment – to protect human health and the environment during a radiological emergency. For more information, see Radiological Emergency Response on

Other federal agencies who might play a role in a nuclear power plant accident include:

  • U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • U.S. Department of Defense
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security
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